Most human behavior reduces to primate behavior. Most behavior is developmentally-oriented. For your viewing pleasure, a chart I made recently to illustrate the “breakdown.”
The final column (Gamification) is just one example of a hierarchical/structured codification of behavior. It is the making of a tool out of behavior in order to influence behavior.
In human development a key concern is “control” – what do I have control over, to what extent?
For young children the answer is frequently only “my body.” Control conflicts involve where you want my body or my body parts.
As they get older, they learn control over “things.” Can I throw, eat, step on, break, etc. this thing?
The child is a “scientist” – they are constantly forming hypotheses about themselves and the world (and the interaction) and testing/retesting those hypotheses.
Development/maturation is a somewhat predictable process, with somewhat predictable outcomes from various approaches. Two main approaches could be: Punish vs. Discipline.
But here, again, is my “lifeline” chart, featuring several developmental theories along with physiological developmental sequences.
The simplest approach is the approach of Nature. What does that mean? Several people have discussed it in various ways over the years. The most succinct explanation is in the Tao Te Ching. But I’ve created a working-spreadsheet that shows some of the models:
What are the steps? If human intervention exists, removing that first; then observation; experimentation with brief/small elements; observation; repeat. The guiding principle is to FOLLOW, FACILITATE and ALLOW, as opposed to a guiding principle of “impose” or “control” or “replace/substitute.”
Those are gross summaries of the vast amount of stuff I’ve read/discussed/learned/studied/shared over the past six or 40 years. The rest is summed up in the following workbooks:
This is the way the physical exercise systems work in the body. A model to approach physical training from the perspective of physiology, rather than from “goals” or historical prejudice.
An understanding of and appreciation for rhythms and cycles is critical to application of any of the above. Some useful work has been done on rhythms and cycles, that you can read…here’s one really good book: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0517545233/ref=oh_details_o05_s00_i00?ie=UTF8&psc=1
A better way is to learn to observe rhythms, and supplement that observation with study.
Another understanding is that form and function are the same thing, viewed from different perspectives or angles. This is the same understanding we have now of matter and energy. Matter is a type of or perspective of energy. Light is a wave and a particle, depending on the way you look at it. Both views have pluses and minuses. We have to be careful.
Underlying all of that is – NATURE. The biosphere is an outgrowth of the mineral substance of the earth.